Friday, January 31, 2014

LO1 notes

  • LO1 was about the trace of key developments of prehistory, from the emergence of our human ancestors to the beginnings of village life
  • The basic features originated in prehistoric times
  • There appeared complex social and economic structures in Southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa
  • in 1200 BC an international region of civilization came into existence
  • It took thousands of centuries of developing physically and completing a series of successful responses to the environment before human beings were at last able to take the first important steps toward civilization
  • The era ended with a rise of civilized societies producing permanent written records
  • excavations of fossils indicate that the earliest humanlike species probably appeared in East Africa
  • 20,000 years ago, most likely in southwestern Africa, there appeared a human species that seemingly possessed more of these features than any other
  • the earliest and longest prehistoric period is called the Paleolithic age 
  • this era began the earliest human types
  • stone tools became stronger, sharper, and more specialized
  • in 8000 BC they advanced in southwestern Asia and northwestern Africa
  • Neolithic Age was when metals replaced stone as the principal tool material
  • in Paleolithic age humans lived as hunters, gatherers, fishers, sheltering in caves
  • they combined into small bands of 20 to 30 people to find food, and protect themselves
  • most food bands needed to survive was plants
  • women were mainly responsible for gathering plants and eating
  • agricultural revolution was a whole series of discoveries
  • bread, beer, wine, cheese, edible oils, woven cloth, leather, pottery for cooking, and storage are the things we take for granted today were used by the early famers of this region
  • 6000 BC was where the first agricultural villages appeared in Southwestern Asia
  • polytheism was the belief in countless human like gods and goddesses
  •  agricultural was accompanied by a lasting shift in pattern of relations between men and women
  • it made men main suppliers of food
  • and it made them do other jobs so women could have more children, and take care of the house and other duties
  • the Americas separate agricultural revolutions based on local crops such as yams, rice, corn and potatoes
  • "cradles of civilization are the river valleys of the southwestern Asian land of Mesopotamia   

Tuesday, January 28, 2014

Law Codes

3 of Hammurabi's Law Codes one, two, and three
1. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death.
2. If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser.

3. If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.
I don't really know what the law's really mean. I am a little confused so I don't really know how to react.

Monday, January 27, 2014

Before Civilization and the Earliest Cities

Today in western civilization we learned about the Prehistoric Era, but not just that we talked about a lot of other things too. We took notes today, and just talked about north and South America, and other things that have to do with western civ. I learned that the Paleolithic age was the earliest prehistoric age and it was the Old Stone Age. The Neolithic age was the New Stone Age and was marked by advanced tool making and beginnings of agriculture. We also talked about the agricultural revolution which populations rose due to increased ability to care for young children. Then there are hierarchies was when the status of women was lowered as women were confined more too domestic duties. Then we talked about the earliest cities in Mesopotamia, which was Sumer. Then our class was cut short because its grandparent’s day so then our class ended early and we couldn’t continue, but we will tomorrow.

Friday, January 24, 2014

First West Civ Blog

     Well this is my first blog for my western civ class I am taking second semester! You get to have me again! Well today we had another two hour delay so that means another short class. In western civ today we made a new blog for this class which is where this blog will be going. Then we emailed the link to you and then are blogs are all set up. I also did some designing to my blog. It’s now really pretty. Then you just talked to us about the year, and how you don’t want us to get a bad grade, and other things. You also talked about how you wanted us to get a copy book for notes. Last semester I just used loose-leaf, but I should probably get a book this time so I can be more organized. Well I’m looking forward to a great semester and have a nice weekend.