Monday, May 19, 2014


  • Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire was reunited under Charlemagne's empire
  • Charlemagne spreed Christian civilization throughout northern Europe, which is where many of us came from 

  • Middle ages= medieval period
  • 500- 1500 AD
  • medieval Europe is fragmented 

A. Invasions trigger changes in Western Europe
  • invasions and constant warfare spark new trends
a. Disruption of trade
  • Europe's cities are no longer economic centers
  • money is scarce
b. Downfall of cities
  • cities are no longer economic centers
c. population shifts
  • nobles retreat to the rural areas
  • cities don't have strong leadership 
2. Decline of learning 
  • Germanic invaders are illiterate, but they communicate through oral tradition
  • only priests and church officials could read and write
  • knowledge of Greek(and literature, science, philosophy) is almost lost
3. Loss of common language
  • dialects develop in different regions
  • by the 8005, French, Spanish, other Roman-based languages are evolving from Latin 
B. Germanic kingdoms emerge
  •  the concept of government changes
  • Roman society: loyal to public gov't
b. Germanic society: loyal to the family 
  • Germanic chief led warriors
  • during peace, he provided food, weapons, treasure, a place to live (the lord's hall)
  • during wartime, warriors fought for the Lord
c. Franks live in the Roman province of Gaul- their leader is Clovis 
2. The franks under Clovis
  • another battlefield conversion 
  • Clovis and 3000 of his warriors are baptized by the bishop 
  • the church in Rome approves of the "alliance" 
  • Clovis and the church begin to work together
C. Germanic peoples adopt Christianity
  • (Pope) Gregory 1 expands papal power
  • Papacy= pope's office
  • Secular power = worldly power
  • Papal Power (power of the Pope) is political power presented from the Pope's palace
d. the church can now use church money to: 
  • raise armies
  • repair roads
  • help the poor
e. Gregory the Great began to act as mayor of Rome, and as head of an earthly kingdom (Christendom) 

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