Monday, February 17, 2014

Chapter 3 Notes

  • LO1 - describes the way of life of the barbarian peoples of Europe after the Agricultural Revolution
  • Greek-city states were the first to practice citizen participation in government
  • the city-states also traded and colonized along the Mediterranean Sea
  • after 500 BC it enabled them to preserve their independence against the kings of Persia
  • over 3,000 years up to the Persian Empire, civilization had spread from its Sumerian and Egyptian homelands to right across from southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa
  • to lands stretching two thousand miles northwestern which is now called Europe
  • 4000 BC farming and village life had spread throughout the continent
  • by 3500 BC there were peoples in western Europe who could construct ceremonial monuments
  • megalithic- word meaning large boulder
  • archeologists have found traces of them in the soil
  • Stonehenge was a huge open- air monument built by a prosperous farming and trading people wets of England
  • was built in 2000 BC
  • consists of 160 massive boulders that weigh 50 tons each
  • 2500 BC was when Indo European Peoples moved into Europe
  • European peoples had traditionally worshipped that turned to Gods of fatherhood and thunder
  • when a leading warrior died all his belongings would go with him in his grave
  • the warriors wife would be buried next to him
  • tribes- groups of villagers or farmsteads
  • tribes formed loose alliances under warrior kings or queens and together they would battle comrades
  • tribal groupings fought for metals, slaves, and other items that brought prestige the their possessors
  • these groups were mostly temporary
  • people who spoke Indo-European were most likely skilled in farming,  metalworking, trade, and warfare
  • those people were called barbarians
  • barbarians was from the original word barbaros meaning non-Greek
  • 2500 BC when tribal groups and the way of life that emerged in Europe
  • 1000 AD 2000 years ago the European peoples came into contact with civilization

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